CROP INSURANCE AND SOYBEAN RUST
The 2005 growing season is now underway, and farm operators in some areas have already planted many of their soybeans, and other in areas will be planting soybeans in the next couple of weeks. Throughout the winter and early spring, there has been considerable discussion about the potential for Asian soybean rust in 2005, scouting for the disease, treatment options, etc. One topic that has not been discussed as much, or as clearly, is how an incidence of soybean rust will be handled for crop insurance indemnity claims. This is a rather complex issue and insurance coverage will be largely dependent on the management practices followed by farm operators. The USDA Risk Management Agency (RMA) has published several pieces of information regarding crop insurance coverage regarding crop losses from Asian soybean rust. Following is a brief summary.
The crop losses from soybean rust are covered by crop insurance if the losses are unavoidable and were due to naturally occurring events. The grower must follow “good farming practices,” work with local experts, and be able to document all actions taken to control and manage soybean rust. In addition to the basic crop insurance policy provisions, RMA has expanded the definition of “good farming practices” relative to disease control measures. Four questions must be answered by agricultural experts to determine if disease control measures are considered “good farming practices.”
Will the recommended disease control measure:
- Allow the insured crop to make normal progress toward maturity?
- Produce at least the yield used to determine the production guarantee or amount of insurance, including any adjustments for late planted acreage?
- Not reduce or adversely affect the yield, if it is applied or not applied to the crop?
- Be generally recognized for the area, or be contained in the organic plan, if applicable?
RMA recommends documentation of the following data and information for good documentation of soybean rust control efforts by producers ……
- Data from local Weather Stations, Farm Service Agency (FSA) Reports, and published articles in Newspapers, Newsletters, and Magazines.
- Printed and Web site information from land grant universities, the Extension Service, crop consultants, or other agricultural experts.
- Journals and logs that list the date of control measures and application method, product, conditions, etc. (Include Fungicide labels.)
- A producer should save any information, articles, etc. that may have been used in the decision-making process for controlling Asian soybean rust.
The latest management information on soybean rust is available on the Minnesota Soybean Grower’s Association Web Site at: www.mnsoybean.org. The best source for Crop Insurance information is from local crop insurance agents or on the RMA Web site at: www.rma.usda.gov/news/soybeanrust.
Editors note: Kent Thiesse is a former University of Minnesota Extension educator and now is Vice President of MinnStar Bank, Lake Crystal, MN. You can contact him at 507-726-2137 or via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.