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January 2014 USDA report summary

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The national average corn yield for 2013 is now estimated at 158.8 bushels per acre, which was a decrease of 1.6 bushels per acre from the previous USDA report, but represents a increase of over 28% from the drought-reduced U.S. corn yield of 123.4 bushels per acre in 2012. The 2013 U.S. corn yield compares to other recent average corn yields of 147.2 bushels per acre in 2011, 152.8 bushels per acre in 2010, and the U.S. record yield of 164.7 bushels per acre in 2009.

The average corn yield for Minnesota in 2013 is now estimated at 160 bushels per acre, which was a reduction of 4 bushels per acre from the previous report. The estimated 2013 state corn yield down from the 2012 average yield of 165 bushels per acre, but is above the 2011 yield of 156 bushel per acre; however, is still well below the state record corn yield of 177 bushels per acre in 2010. Iowa had an estimated corn yield of 165 bushels per acre for 2013, which is up significantly from the 2012 average corn yield of 137 bushels per acre, but is below 172 bushels per acre in 2011, as well as the state record yield of 182 bushels per acre in 2009. The average 2013 corn yields in other major corn production states were Illinois at 178 bushels per acre, Indiana at 177 bushels per acre, Nebraska at 170 bushels per acre and South Dakota at 138 bushels per acre. 2013 corn yields in all major corn producing states, except Minnesota, were increased considerably from the drought-reduced yield levels in 2012.

The U.S. average soybean yield in 2013 was estimated at 43.3 bushels per acre, which is well above the soybean yield of 39.8 bushels per acre in 2012, and is also above the 2011 yield of 41.9 bushels per acre, but is below the U.S. record soybean yield of 44.0 bushels per acre in 2009. The estimated average soybean yield in Minnesota for 2013 was 41 bushels per acre, which is down from the 2012 yield of 43.5 bushels per acre, but is above the 2011 average yield of 39 bushels per acre, and is well below the state record soybean yield of 45 bushels per acre in 2010. The average soybean yield for 2013 in Iowa was estimated at 44.5 bushels per acre, which is the same as the 2012 state average yield, but is well below the 2011 and 2010 state average yields of over 51 bushels per acre. The estimated average 2013 soybean yields in other major production states were Illinois at 49 bushels per acre, Indiana at 51 bushels per acre, Nebraska at 53 bushels per acre, and South Dakota at 40 bushels per acre, all of which are well above the drought-reduced 2012 soybean yield levels.

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