• FORMS: Southern and common

  • SYMPTOMS: Small, circular raised blisters, reddish-brown in color. Found in common rust on both leaf surfaces; on southern rust on top-side of leaf surface.

  • TIME OF ATTACK: Spores carried on spring winds from southern areas of U.S.

  • CONDITIONS FAVORING: Common rust: cool, humid weather; southern rust: warm, humid conditions.

  • MANAGEMENT: Resistant hybrids, scouting with fungicide application if necessary.

Editor's Note: Please keep in mind this is just a general, short list of pests and diseases to keep an eye out for. Others mentioned included chinch bugs, Japanese beetles, aflatoxin, ear rot and Goss's bacterial wilt/blight. For specific information for your location, contact your local Extension office or university.