The drought of 2012 raises questions of whether crop farmers will receive payments from 2008 Farm Bill programs. At this point, payments are unlikely from ACRE, the counter-cyclical program and the marketing loan program. SURE will not make payments for 2012 crops as it is not authorized for the 2012 year. While 2008 Farm Bill programs will not make payments, crop insurance will provide payments for many farmers in Illinois.

 

ACRE in 2012

ACRE is a state-level program that has two triggers before payments are made (click here and here for more detail). One is that state revenue is below a state guarantee. For corn in Illinois, the 2012 state guarantee is $705.34. State revenue equals state yield times the national, market-year average (MYA) price. In 2011, the actual Illinois yield was 155 bu./acre. With a 155-bu. yield and a $705.34/acre guarantee, MYA prices below $4.55/bu. ($4.55 = $705.34 guarantee / 155 bu./acre) would cause ACRE payments. Lower yields would have higher breakeven prices:

  • 135-bu. state yield has a break-even MYA price of $5.22/bu.
  • 115-bu. state yield has a break-even MYA price of $6.13/bu.

Currently, the midpoint of MYA prices projected by World Agricultural Supply Board (WASDE) for 2012 is $5.90. Low state yields result in breakeven prices above the $5.90 WASDE midpoint estimate. However, low state yields in Illinois likely would be associated with higher MYA prices. It is unlikely that ACRE makes payments for corn in Illinois.

For soybeans in Illinois, the state guarantee is $486.24. At last year’s state yield of 46.5, the break-even MYA price is $10.46. Lower state yields would have higher breakeven prices:

  • 43.5-bu. state yield has a breakeven price of $11.18/bu.
  • 40.5-bu. state yield has a breakeven price of $12/bu.
  • 37.5-bu. state yield has a breakeven price of $12.96/bu.

WASDE’s midpoint of MYA prices currently is $14/bu. Prices lows enough to trigger ACRE payments are unlikely.

For wheat, the 2012 state guarantee is $320.06. Based on yield information released by the National Agriculture Statistical Services, the wheat yield for Illinois in 2012 will be close to 62 bu./acre. Given this yield, the MYA price resulting in payments is $5.16 ($320.06 guarantee / 62 bu.). WASDE’s midpoint of MYA prices currently is $6.80. Prices lows enough to trigger ACRE payments are unlikely.