Number of farms, land in farms decreases slightly in 2013May 29, 2014
The number of farms in the United States in 2013 was estimated at 2.10 million, down 7 thousand farms from 2012. Total land in farms, at 914 million acres, decreased 360 thousand acres from 2012. The average farm size in 2013 was 435 acres, up 2 acres from the previous year.
Farm numbers and land in farms are differentiated by five economic sales classes. Farms and ranches are classified into these five sales classes by summing the sales of agricultural products and government program payments. Sales class breaks occur at $10,000, $100,000, $250,000 and $500,000. Production or commodity price changes in 2013 caused the total value for most livestock and livestock products to increase while the value of many crops declined.
Farm numbers decreased by 7 thousand farms during 2013. The number of farms in Sales Class $1,000 - $9,999 declined while all other sales classes were unchanged or increased slightly. Fifty-one percent of all farms have sales less than $10,000. Only eight percent of all farms have sales over $500,000.
The average farm size increased in 2013 by 2 acres to 435 acres per farm. However, average farm sizes declined in all but the smallest sales class partially due to smaller farms moving up to higher sales classes.